Wood Termites can be described as termites that cause infections in wet and dry woods by feasting on the wood. They draw out the require moisture they need while eating through the wood. Wood termites are distinctively divided into two. These are; The wood dependent and the soil dependent termites. The wood inhabiting termites are primitive in nature and they are not as organized as the soil tunneling termites. Wood Termites attack wood and cause serious damages. The wood become rusty and weak. The piece of wood breaks as the wood termite activities become uncontrollable and untreated.
Wood Termites are from the insect order “Isoptera”, wood termites are usually pale colored, they are small in stature. The soldier and the worker wood Termite do not poccess wings. Fertile males and female wood termites poccess wings and they reproduce younger termites to make their colonies swell up. There is a huge competition for limited space and food ,hence many of the new born are starved to death. The life cycle of the wood termite is such that the queen lay thousands of eggs yearly ,while the worker termites take care of such eggs and nurture them.
Wood Termites Information, Facts And Treatment
They feed the young nymphs and make sure that food is available to them for the first few weeks they are given birth to. These nymphs hatch after some weeks and they become the new soldiers, workers or reproductive wood Termites. Wood termites often attack wood materials that are too close to the soil or moist platforms and conditions.
The queen seems to have the longest life span among wood termites. A queen might live between 6- 10 years depending on how healthy it is and the number of eggs she might have laid during her period of years. The entire lifespan of wood Termite does not exceed 12 years.
Wood Termites have several economic benefits, they eat through woods and wooden materials thereby decomposing them. Other factors such as climatic conditions and weather conditions will make the decomposing wood to be absorbed in the soil. The chemical constituents of the decomposed woods will add tremendously to the soil fertility, making agricultural produce grow .
The major signs of wood termite infections include; galleries in the inner part of wood, eggs deposition in and out of the wood, shed wings, piles of fecal pellets and changes in the physical properties of the wood.
Most wood termites will thrive even when there is less than 1% of moisture. That is why some can penetrate into the soil in search of moisture and food. They do die when the external conditions are not favorable. such factors include; extremely low humidity, extreme drought, excessive heat and other human factors such as bush burning.
The best way to keep wood termites away from wood is to protect the wood from getting too close to water or moist conditions. Chemical preservatives can only protect wood termites for some specific period of time, they will still find their way back to the wood.
Once you have made your choice of termite treatment company it is important that they carry out the most effective type of treatment. You will usually have a choice as to the extent of the treatment.
Termite colonies will frequently be made up of many hundreds of thousands of tiny pests all foraging for food in a huge number of different directions. For this reason having a termite treatment carried out only in certain areas may be a false economy because there is a high risk that the termites will merely find an alternative entry point into your property. Also, most termite treatment companies will not guarantee this type of treatment.
As an alternative to this some companies will have a service known as a perimeter treatment whereby they will apply a non-repellent termiticide liquid around the whole of the foundation wall of the property and at the same time carry out localised treatment of any already infested areas or high risk areas within the building. It is important if you opt for such a termite treatment to ensure that the company will supply you with a service agreement which will ensure that any future termite infestation will be dealt with at no further cost.
However, if you do have a termite problem having the whole property treated is probably the best option. So what are the best termite treatments?
Termite treatments are split into two distinct categories, baits and liquids. Liquid termiticides which are injected into the soil have been available for a very long time. These are used to create a barrier which stops the termites from getting into the building and the termites already inside the property cannot return to the nest and will usually eventually die off too. However these products do not actually kill the termites they merely repel them. More modern chemicals will actually kill the termites as the try to pass through the treated soil. For this reason this type of chemical treatment tends to have a greater success rate first time round.
The second option is baiting. Here a solution lethal to termites is placed underground in cylindrical plastic along with a food source such as paper or cardboard to which the poison is applied. The termites then munch through the food and return to the nest to feed the others. The result is that the colony is slowly eradicated. Baiting may be used in isolation in some instances or in conjunction with a liquid treatment depending on the nature of the infestation.
As a rule of thumb provided the termite treatment is executed in a thorough manner in line with manufacturers instructions your home should be protected from further termite invasion for a full 5 years. However, this can vary and is dependant on things such as environmental conditions and the quantity of termites. Any problem with termites within the first year or so is in most cases nothing to do with the actual chemical treatment but more to do with the termites managing to find a small space which has been missed during treatment.
The use of any chemicals immediately brings to mind the question are they harmful to humans or animals. All of the chemicals used in termite treatments are tested exhaustively. It is therefore safe to say that non of the termiticides used give any significant cause for concern for the health of either party or indeed the environment. For anyone with genuine worries about their use baiting would probably be the best option.