Termites Facts, Signs And Identifying In Your house – Termites are social insects which belong to an insect order Isoptera existing for more than 100 million years. Their nests are usually very big and built in ground or wood. Termites can be white, tan or black. They are sometimes considered to be a kind of ants, but this is wrong – termites belong to a separate order of insects.
Termites are commonly known for the great harm which they cause to various structures made of wood. But in the wild nature these insects are very important due to the role that they play in the ecosystem. They recycle wood, transport nutrients in the soil, mellow the soil with their tunnels, etc.
Termites Facts, Signs And Identifying In Your house
But unfortunately termites tend to “recycle” wood which buildings are made of as well. They are disastrous pests that cause considerable damage to wooden elements of buildings. Also they may destroy food, furniture, paper and so on.
Termites colony consists of several kinds of individuals with different functions and appearance. These kinds are as follows: a queen, a king, soldiers and workers. Queen is the biggest individual, she stays in the nest and lays eggs. She can lay several thousands eggs a day.
termites King stays with the queen all the time. Soldiers is a group of termites with big strong jaws or bulblike heads that are capable of squirting special liquid. The most numerous is the group of workers. They do all the work in and outside the nest. Unlike other species of cocial insects termite workers can be both male and female. Termite worker usually lives for several years and a king or a queen even for several decades.
There are several signs that may indicate that a building is infested by termites. First of all winged termites can be seen in autumn and spring. Also damaged wood bears signs of tunneling, and darkens. If you try and hit a wooden structure with a screwdriver and it is easily punctured it is also a sign of termite infestation.
It is very necessary to learn more about termites to avoid problems caused by them. First of all a building should be constructed correctly. Also it is critical to detect termite infestation timely, which is easier to do if a homeowner understands physiology and life cycle of these insects. But it is usually even a better idea to entrust inspection and control to a professional company.