Termite Life Cycle – How Termites live in colonies underground?

Termite Life Cycle – How Termites live in colonies underground? The termite undergoes a common insect life cycle from egg to adult. Generally, the whole development takes about a year to complete. First, the queen termite laid the eggs, then it take 26 days-30 days  depending on the climate for the eggs to hatch into white larvae.

Termite eggs prefer more humid and warm climate. After larvae become nymph, they will molts into workers, soldiers and winged reproductives. Molting is a growth process that termites experience several time throughout their life cycle which they develops underneath the hard outer layer exoskeleton and sheds the hard outermost exoskeleton when their inner soft exoskeleton skins is fully developed. The winged reproductives known as Alates will fly off to look for suitable place to build a new colony. Alates shred their wings to become Queens and king, the life cycle continues.

Termite Life Cycle – How Termites live in colonies underground?

Termite Life Cycle

Termite Life Cycle


Workers are responsible for foraging and maintenance in the colony.  They have single-cell organisms in their guts to digest cellulose which is found in wood and are the main caste in destroying home property.  Their lifespan is about 2-5 years.


Soldiers are termites that didn’t attain sexual maturity. Their main role is to defend their colony because their jaws are powerful. Normally, termite soldiers stay near their colony and they are fed by the termite workers because their jaws are too big to feed themselves. Their lifespan is up to 2 years.

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Winged Reproductive

Winged Reproductive known as Alate or swarm are termites that attain sexual maturity. They are given with wings to assist them in finding new places for the start of a new colony. They are often mistaken for flying ants. They shared their wings in few days to become queen and king.


King are shredded winged reproductive that attain male sexual maturity. They will stick with the queen to establish a new colony.


Queen are shredded winged reproductive that attain female sexual maturity with the broader abdomen. They laid more than 10 000 eggs per day and can live up to 10 years.