Dampwood Termites are also referred to as rotten wood and they feed on damp and decaying timber woods commonly found in the pacific region and might be up to more than 1 inch in length. Dampwood Termites usually set up new nests between January and October, and they are similar to dry wood Termites in their organization. The Dampwood Termites are also known as swamps. They do consist of soldier Termites which protect the colony with their brownish head and sharp poisonous mandibles.
In the United States, the pacific Dampwood Termites are much more in number than any other species. They have been found even more than 6,000 feet above the sea level. A single colony of Dampwood Termites might contain more than 4,000 members, while their swarming activities occur almost throughout the year, predominantly in August, through October.
Dampwood Termites : Article facts, prevention & termite control
There are several names given to Dampwood Termites; some structure-infesting Dampwood Termites are scientifically known as “Cryptotermes and Incisitermes”, while the species that require constant high Humidity and water are known scientifically as “Neotermes”. Some scientific names have also been given to Dampwood Termites according to their locality. For instance, P simplex is usually referred to Dampwood Termites found in Florida, while they are referred to as Zootermopsis in Western Northern American region.
There are several hundreds of names given to Dampwood Termites according to their regions, species, lifestyle and body structures
Dampwood Termites have light caramel colored abdomen and Thorax, and one significant way to recognize a damage to Timber wood by Dampwood Termites is the deposition of fecal pellets in the tunnel of the spring wood for instance. These fecal pellets are small and hard oval shape. The type of wood that the Termites consume will determine the color of their fecal pellets.
The commonest target of Dampwood Termites or woods that are in direct contact with soil or wooden materials that are kept near water. Dampwood Termites are moisture tolerant and they can survive even where there are extreme flooding and high water torrents.
Dampwood Termites help wood decay fungi to thrive in moist conditions, and if Dampwood Termites are allowed to flourish, they can produce wing reproductives which might attack nearby Timbers that are not even close to water. The spores which are carried in the guts and outer bodies of Dampwood Termites are deposited on fresh damp Timbers. The spores will germinate into matured fungi under favorable conditions on the Timber wood.
The reproduction of Dampwood Termites starts when a male and a female swarmer excavate a chamber in a piece of damp wood. They seal up the chamber from inside and mate for a couple of weeks during which the female deposit its eggs. A colony is then established with the laying of about 15 eggs. This process is a continuous one as the queen will always come back the follow springs to lay more eggs.